When working on all SharePoint 2010 projects deployments are generally done via PowerShell scripts. I usually have a set PowerShell script which I copy and alter updating items such as the site URL, solution name and feature ID and I save this in a deployment folder under where the solution file is located. I then create a solution folder in Visual Studio called ‘Deployment files’ and add my PowerShell scripts to this. This way the deployment files are part of the solution and should be added into our code repository as well.
In my PowerShell scripts I don’t hard coded the WSP location I find the current directory from which the script is getting executed and then append the WSP name, see below. This means the WSP has to be in the same folder as the scripts which isn’t generally an issue but it means I have to package the project in Visual Studio and then copy the WSP from the build folder to my scripts folder. While this only takes a few minutes you need to do it each time which can get a bit repetitive.
I decided to look into using post build commands to see if I could generate the WSP then copy it to the folder where my scripts are located. Since I have done it several times I first looked at copying the WSP file to another location. This can be done by
- Right click on the project and select properties
- Next select the Build Events option on the RHS
- In the post-build event command line window enter the script below
copy $(TargetDir)$(TargetName).wsp $(SolutionDir)DeploymentFiles
- The TargetDir should be the full path to the build folder where the WSP will be created
- The TargetName should be the same name as the project so in my case if the project name was TestProject I would be looking for a file called TestProject.wsp
- The SolutionDir should be the full path to the folder where the solution file is located.
- \DeploymentFiles is simply the name of the folder located under the main solution folder where I keep my PowerShell scripts
3. Save the file and build the project
If it has worked you should get a message in the Output screen indicating the file has been copied.
This was fine except this simply copies the WSP from the bin folder to my deployment scripts folder but what I need is to ensure I am getting the latest version of the WSP so I need to generate the WSP before copying the file. As this was not something I had done before I done some research and it seems the only way to do this is to edit the project file.
I opened my project file in Notepad++, might be worth taking a backup of this first, and found the section at the end, see below, and added the suggested XML, see below.
Section After which I need to add my addition XML
<Import Project=”$(MSBuildExtensionsPath32)\Microsoft\VisualStudio\v10.0\SharePointTools\Microsoft.VisualStudio.SharePoint.targets” />
What I found was as I had already added my post build event to copy the WSP there was already a section in the project file called “PropertyGroup”, see below.
At this point I wasn’t sure if I was supposed to add a new PropertyGroup element or add my BuildDependsOn section to the existing property group. I looked around on Google but there wasn’t much details on this so added the section to generate the WSP as another PropertyGroup element but I added this before my copy build event in case the order was important. When I opened Visual Studio, or if you already had it opened you will need to reload the project, and build it I found it did copy the file and it did build the WSP it did them in the wrong order. It first copied the WSP then it built a new version of the WSP.
Obviously this isn’t much use as I would always end up with an old version of the WSP. I tried adding the post build code which moves the file into the same property group, see below, but I still ended up with the same outcome where the file was moved first then a new version created.
I spent some time researching this issue on Google and found an article on how to generate a WSP in post build command and noticed that I had “<BuildDependsOn>” in my version but in the article above it was “<PostBuildEventDependsOn>”. As soon as I changed this, see new project XML below, things executed in the correct order and it first built my WSP then copied it.
Final version of project file XML
<PostBuildEvent>copy “$(TargetDir)$(TargetName).wsp” “$(SolutionDir)DeploymentFiles”</PostBuildEvent>
I hope this will help others as it took me a while to get this right. As always please be careful with making changes to the project file as this can cause issues.